(From a News Conference on April 7, 1954)
Q. Robert Richards, Copley Press:
Mr. President, would you mind commenting on the strategic importance of Indochina to the free world? I think there has been, across the country, some lack of understanding on just what it means to us.
You have, of course, both the specific and the general
when you talk about such things.
First of all, you have the specific value of a locality
in its production of materials that the world needs.
Then you have the possibility that many human beings pass
under a dictatorship that is inimical to the free world.
Finally, you have broader considerations that might
follow what you would call the “falling domino” principle. You have a row of
dominoes set up, you knock over the first one, and what will happen to the last
one is the certainty that it will go over very quickly. So you could have a
beginning of a disintegration that would have the most profound influences.
Now, with respect to the first one, two of the items from
this particular area that the world uses are tin and tungsten. They are very
important. There are others, of course, the rubber plantations and so on.
Then with respect to more people passing under this
domination, Asia, after all, has already lost some 450 million of its peoples to
the Communist dictatorship, and we simply can’t afford greater losses.
But when we come to the possible sequence of events, the
loss of Indochina, of Burma, of Thailand, of the Peninsula, and Indonesia
following, now you begin to talk about areas that not only multiply the
disadvantages that you would suffer through loss of materials, sources of
materials, but now you are talking really about millions and millions and
millions of people.
Finally, the geographical position achieved thereby does
many things. It turns the so-called island defensive chain of Japan, Formosa, of
the Philippines and to the southward; it moves in to threaten Australia and New
It takes away, in its economic aspects, that region that
Japan must have as a trading area or Japan, in turn, will have only one place in
the world to go—that is, toward the Communist areas in order to live.
So, the possible consequences of the loss are just incalculable to the free world.